The London Borough of Islington is a London borough in North and Inner London. It was formed in 1965 by merging the former metropolitan boroughs of Islington and Finsbury. The borough contains two Westminster parliamentary constituencies; Islington North and Islington South & Finsbury.
Islington was originally named by the Saxons Giseldone (1005), then Gislandune (1062). The name means 'Gīsla's hill' from the Old English personal name Gīsla and dun 'hill', 'down'. The name then later mutated to Isledon, which remained in use well into the 17th century when the modern form arose. In medieval times, Islington was just one of many small manors in the area, along with Bernersbury, Neweton Berewe or Hey-bury, and Canonesbury (Barnsbury, Highbury and Canonbury - names first recorded in the 13th and 14th centuries). "Islington" came to be applied as the name for the parish covering these villages, and was the name chosen for the Metropolitan Borough of Islington, on its formation in 1899. On the merger with Finsbury, to form the modern borough this name came to be applied to the whole borough.
Districts of Islington
The borough includes the areas:
- Ashburton Grove
- Finsbury Park
- Kings Cross
- Newington Green
- St Luke's
- Tufnell Park
- East Canonbury
- Finsbury Park
- Highbury East
- Highbury West
- St. Georges
- St. Marys
- St. Peters
Islington has a wide variety of Transport, with direct connections to the suburbs and the City and West End.
|4||Waterloo - Archway||Metroline|
|10||King's Cross - Hammersmith||First|
|17||London Bridge - Archway||Metroline|
|19||Battersea Bridge - Finsbury Park||Arriva|
|21||Lewisham - Newington Green via Southgate Road||London Central|
|29||Trafalgar Square - Wood Green||Arriva|
|30||Leamouth - Highbury & Islington Stn||East London|
|38||Victoria - Clapton Pond||Arriva|
|41||Archway - Tottenham Hale||Arriva|
|43||London Bridge - Friern Barnet||Metroline|
|46||Hampstead Heath - Farrindon Street||Metroline|
|55||Oxford Circus - Leyton||East London|
|56||West Smithfield - Whipps Cross||East London|
|73||Victoria - Seven Sisters||Arriva|
|76||Waterloo (County Hall) - Tottenham Town Hall via Bank, Moorgate, Finsbury, Southgate Road, Stoke Newington||Arriva|
|91||Trafalgar Square - Archway||First|
|134||Tottenham Court Road - North Finchley via Camden Town, Archway, Highgate||Metroline|
|141||London Bridge - Palmers Green via Moorgate, City Road, New North Road, Southgate Road, Newington Green, Highbury East, Green Lanes, Wood Green||Arriva|
|145||Archway - Brent Cross||Metroline|
|153||Liverpool Street - Finsbury Park||HT|
|205||Mile End - Paddington via Liverpool Street, City Road, Angel, King's Cross, Euston, Baker Street, Marylebone||Metroline|
|243||Waterloo - Wood Green via Aldwych, Holborn, Old Street, Kingsland Road||Arriva|
|271||Moorgate - Highgate Village via City Road, New North Road, Highbury, Holloway, Archway||Metroline|
|341||Waterloo - Angel Road via Aldwych, Holborn, Angel, Essex Road, Newington Green, Green Lanes||First|
|390||Notting Hill Gate - Archway via Tottenham Court Road, Euston, King's Cross, Camden Town||Metroline|
|393||Chalk Farm Station - Stoke Newington via Highbury, Holloway, Camden||Arriva|
|394||Hackney - Islington via Angel, City Road, New North Road, Hoxton, Haggerston, London Fields||HC|
|476||Euston - Northumberland Park via King's Cross, Angel, Essex Road, Newington Green, Stoke Newington, Seven Sisters, Tottenham||First|
There are many Underground stations in the borough, which include Old Street, Angel, Highbury & Islington, Finsbury Park, Arsenal, Holloway Road, Caledonian Road, Tufnell Park and Archway, serving principally the Piccadilly, Victoria and Northern Lines. Railway stations include Caledonian Road & Barnsbury, Highbury and Islington, Canonbury, Upper Holloway, Crouch Hill,Drayton Park, Essex Road and Finsbury Park.
Major public and private bodies in Islington
As of 2008 Square Enix's Europe offices are on the second floor of the Castle House in Borough of Islington.
Cultural attractions and institutions in Islington
- Almeida Theatre
- Courtyard Theatre
- Emirates Stadium (and the former Arsenal Stadium at Highbury)
- Islington N1 Centre
- The Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art in Canonbury Square
- Hen and Chickens Theatre
- Islington Arts Factory, in Parkhurst Road,
- London Canal Museum, located in New Wharf Road, King's Cross
- Islington Museum, located at Finsbury Library (opens 2008)
- The King's Head Theatre
- Sadler's Wells Theatre
- Technology Mile - wireless access throughout Upper Street and Holloway Road.
- Union Chapel, Islington
Lower Holloway in Islington is home to Freightliners City Farm which is one of the many city farms throughout London. The farm, which isn't like an industrial farm, contains a wide range of animals from rabbits to cows to chickens and pigs all free for the public to view.
Demographics of Islington
According to the 2001 census Islington has a population of 175,797. It is 75% White, 6% Black African, 5% Black Caribbean and 2% Bangladeshi. 32% of the borough's residents are owner–occupiers.
The London Borough of Islington is home to two higher education institutions:—
- City University at Northampton Square, formerly the Northampton Institute, founded in 1894; and
- London Metropolitan University, North Campus on the Holloway Road, formed from the merger of the University of North London and London Guildhall University in 2002. The University of North London was founded in 1896 as the Northern Polytechnic Institute.
The borough also currently contains two colleges of further education:—
- City and Islington College; and
- Westminster Kingsway College (while major improvement works are carried out at King's Cross).
The borough currently maintains 47 primary schools, 10 secondary schools, three special schools and five Pupil Referral Units. In 2000, Cambridge Education Associates, a private firm, took over the management of the Islington's state schools from the local education authority.
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